Right to Recall Group

How 100,000 EVMs can be tempered by just 10-12 people at top

For more information contact- www.forum.righttorecall.info , info@righttorecall.info

 

1 This is not an allegation (as of yet)

This article is NOT an allegation. It is to only show that EVMs can be tempered at super-industrial scale by

few people at top. Essentially, I am making allegation against EVMs, that EVMs are temperable in an industrial scale

to favor some party such Congress etc and that too with just 10 people at top. I am not making allegations against any

party or EC or BEL in this article. Some 100,000 new EVMs were made in Dec-2008. I am only proposing one way by

which people at top may rig 100,000 EVMs with mere 10-12 men. As of now, I am not claiming they did it. Because

to claim that X did action-A, I need to first convince people that action-A is indeed possible and do-able. So for now, I

only want to show that tempering100,000 EVMs is possible with few people. Once I have shown that is do-able, I may

or may not show that they were in position to implement the tempering mechanism I suggested. In this article, I have

used following fictitious names to show the process (resemblances to any real names is an unintended coincidence)

CECX : A fictitious head of a fictitious body called ECX, in charge of elections

CongressX : A fictitious party interested in tempering EVMs to favor its candidates.

SoniaX : The fictitious head of CongressX

BELX Chiefs : The persons in charge of manufacturing EVMs in fictitious body named as BELX

This is a summary document and many details have been skipped as I wanted to keep it no more than 8 pages.

The detailed document is at chapter 40 of www.righttorecall.info/301.pdf

 

2 Remote control EVM machine

EVMs use a custom imported chip which is made in USA or Japan. BELX and ECIX has no disclosed the

name of the company which makes the chip and also not disclosed the owners of the company. So for now, we do not

know whether the company is owned by CIA or US Military or SoniaX or Rahul Mehta (author of this article). BELX

claims that EVMs cannot receive radio signals. The EVMs are not given to any candidates of public for examination.

So it is not possible for citizens to detect if the EVM dont have ability to receive radio signals. But it is possible that

some 10% to 20% EVMs are made in a way that they can receive and process radio signals. The radio technology has

so advanced that a 2 mm by 2 mm chip can receive radio signals from a van standing 100 meters away (such small

passive chip cannot send to a distance, but can certainly receive). If these EVMs use such chip, then candidate

number can be communicated to EVM from a van anytime before counting and EVM can change the votes inside it.

And even the van driver need not suspect. It could be some van used by media persons etc who are merely asked go

near booths or collectors warehouses to give coverage, and the equipment in van can send the candidate number to the

EVM. So even the driver may not know that his van is being used to send favorite candidate number to the EVMs. I

assume that at least 20% of EVMs are radio enabled, unless proven otherwise. But for now, lets say EVMs dont have

radio waves. Then can they be made pro-CongressX?

 

3 Why pre-programmed bias in EVMs was thought to be useless so far?

We all know that a programmer can indeed write code in EVM, that favors a particular serial number. Pls note

- a particular serial number only. And if top persons in BELX agree to put such tempered code in EVM, then there is

no technological barrier to stop them. But till date, everyone thinks that no one can write a code that would favor

CongressX, as the serial number of CongressX candidate is undecided when the coder is writing the EVM code and


undecided even when the EVM is being shipped to the District from BELX. eg say a coder and BELX Chiefs decide to

favor CongressX. Now the EVM is to be shipped out in Jan-2009. CongressX candidate will get the serial number in

Apr-2009. Then which candidate number should the program be coded to give more votes? The Congress's candidate

number will vary from seat to seat. So if the programmer programs EVM to give more vote to candidate number 1,

then only in some 20% cases only CongressX will be no. 1 . And so in 20% cases, it would benefit Congress and in

80% cases it would hurt Congress. Some anti-EVM people have hypothesized that some passkeys can be inputted in

EVMs to communicate the favorite candidate number. But then inputting this key combination in 100,000 of EVMs

need 100,000 men to be sent at the booth and is a difficult task. So this way was ruled out due to logistics. So till now,

it was stated by "experts" and accepted by gullible that "BELX cannot make an EVM that would favor CongressX".

 

4 BELX can make pre-programmed EVMs that favors CongressX

But I have shown that a "pro-CongressX" EVMs be made !! How can EVMs be programmed to favor

CongressX? Well, pls read this article and if you have any questions, pls call me at 98251-27780 .

 

5 A brief description of election related dates

Pls note that EVMs can support only 64 candidates, above which EC will have to use paper ballots. Now

following dates play important role in "how EVMs can be made to favor CongressX".

1. Apr-2 : Say opening date to fill form.

2. Apr-8 : Last date to fill form

3. Apr-10 : Candidates will get accepted or disqualified by RO (Returning Officer, mostly District Collector).

4. Apr-11 : Candidates of CongressX, other recognized parties will get to know their serial number on EVM (*)

5. Apr-13, 3 pm : Last day , time to withdraw

6. Apr-13, 5 pm : Total number of candidates will be known at Apr-13, 5 pm. Pls note this : total number of

candidates plays important role in how EVMs can be made to favor CongressX

[* - See section-6 why recognized party candidates can accurately guess their candidate number]

 

6 The recognized parties' candidates are mostly in number 1-5

EC (Election Commission) divides candidates in a constituency into 3 blocks : National or State Recognized

Parties, Unrecognized Registered Parties and Independents. In each block, the candidates are alphabetically ordered by

their names in the local language. There are 7 Nationally recognized parties and different states have0-4 State

recognized parties. So if all recognized parties put their candidates, the number of candidates in first block will go to

7-11. But the reality is that all recognized parties don t put candidates in every seat. eg CPM has not put candidates in

many seats since ages. In general, having 5 recognized party on one seat is a rare event. And so a recognized Party is

will get a number between 1-5 with 99% guarantee in general. And as a reality check, one can look at 2009 election.

All Congress candidates got serial number between 1-5 on the EVM.

 

7 Step-One : Nature of the tempered code to put in EVMs

Say BELX chiefs made 5 different types of tempered EVMs.

Type-1 favors candidate number = (nCandidates + 1) mod 5 + 1 (what is mod?)

Type-2 favors candidate number = (nCandidates + 2) mod 5 + 1

Type-3 favors candidate number = (nCandidates + 3) mod 5 + 1

Type-4 favors candidate number = (nCandidates + 4) mod 5 + 1

Type-5 favors candidate number = (nCandidates + 5) mod 5 + 1

Now what is "mod"? It is remainder left after division, i.e. ( 16 mod 5 ) means the number you are left with

when you divide 16 by 5 which 1. So

(1 mod 5 ) = 1 , (2 mod 5 ) = 2 , (3 mod 5 ) = 3 , (4 mod 5 ) = 4 , (5 mod 5 ) = 0 ,

(6 mod 5 ) = 1 , (7 mod 5 ) = 2 .

The *mod will keep repeating. There are only 5 values (n mod 5) can have.

 

2


The tempered EVM use the above formula for selecting favorite candidate. Eg1 say one constituency has say

200 tempered EVMs of type-3. Now say that constituency has say if nCandidates = 19. Then the tempered EVMs

there will favor candidate number (19 + 2) mod 5 + 1 = 21 mod 5 + 1 = 1 + 1 = 2 . i.e. it will favor candidate number

2. Eg2. say one constituency has say 200 tempered EVMs of type-4. Now say that constituency has say if nCandidates

= 11. Then the tempered EVMs there EVM will favor candidate number (11 + 4) mod 5 + 1 = 15 mod 5 + 1 = 0 + 1 =

1 . i.e. it will favor candidate number 1. So BELX made file types of tempered EVMs. A tempered EVM decides

candidate to favor based on total number of candidates based on the following table

 

Table tempered EVMs follow

(Pls read column headings carefully)

Serial #

Row

#

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

 

EVM

will

favor

3

 

Number of candidates on that EVM

Type

 

 

 

 

 

Type-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type-2

 

 

6 , 11 , 16 , 21 , 26 , 31 , 36 , 41 , 46 , 51 , 56 or 61 candidates

7 , 12 , 17 , 22 , 27 , 32 , 37 , 42 , 47 , 52 , 57 or 62 candidates 4

8 , 13 , 18 , 23 , 28 , 33 , 38 , 43 , 48 , 53 , 58 or 63 candidates 5

4 , 9 , 14 , 19 , 24 , 29 , 34 , 39 , 44 , 49 , 54 ...64 candidates 1

5, 10 , 15 , 20 , 25 , 30 , 35 , 40 , 45 , 50 , 55 , 60 candidates 2

6 , 11 , 16 , 21 , 26 , 31 , 36 , 41 , 46 , 51 , 56 or 61 candidates 4

7 , 12 , 17 , 22 , 27 , 32 , 37 , 42 , 47 , 52 , 57 or 62 candidates 5

3 , 8 , 13 , 18 , 23 , 28 , 33 , 38 , 43 , 48 , 53 ... or 63 candidates 1

4 , 9 , 14 , 19 , 24 , 29 , 34 , 39 , 44 , 49 , 54 ... or 64 candidates 2

5 , 10 , 15 , 20 , 25 , 30 , 35 , 40 , 45 , 50 , 55 , 60 candidates 3

11 6 , 11 , 16 , 21 , 26 , 31 , 36 , 41 , 46 , 51 , 56 or 61 candidates 5

12 2 , 7 , 12 , 17 , 22 , 27 , 32 , 37 , 42 , 47 , 52 ... or 62 candidates 1

Type-3

 

3 , 8 , 13 , 18 , 23 , 28 , 33 , 38 , 43 , 48 , 53 ... or 63 candidates 2

13

 

14 4 , 9 , 14 , 19 , 24 , 29 , 34 , 39 , 44 , 49 , 54 ... or 64 candidates 3

15 5 , 10 , 15 , 20 , 25 , 30 , 35 , 40 , 45 , 50 , 55 , 60 candidates 4

16 6 , 11 , 16 , 21 , 26 , 31 , 36 , 41 , 46 , 51 , 56 or 61 candidates 1

17 2 , 7 , 12 , 17 , 22 , 27 , 32 , 37 , 42 , 47 , 52 ... or 62 candidates 2

Type-4

 

3 , 8 , 13 , 18 , 23 , 28 , 33 , 38 , 43 , 48 , 53 ... or 63 candidates 3

18

 

19 4 , 9 , 14 , 19 , 24 , 29 , 34 , 39 , 44 , 49 , 54 ... or 64 candidates 4

20 5 , 10 , 15 , 20 , 25 , 30 , 35 , 40 , 45 , 50 , 55 , 60 candidates 5

21 6 , 11 , 16 , 21 , 26 , 31 , 36 , 41 , 46 , 51 , 56 or 61 candidates 2

22 3 , 7 , 12 , 17 , 22 , 27 , 32 , 37 , 42 , 47 , . or 62 candidates 3

Type-5

 

8 , 13 , 18 , 23 , 28 , 33 , 38 , 43 , 48 , 53 , 58 or 63 candidates 4

23

 

24 4 , 9 , 14 , 19 , 24 , 29 , 34 , 39 , 44 , 49 , ...or 64 candidates 5

25 5 , 10 , 15 , 20 , 25 , 30 , 35 , 40 , 45 , 50 , 55 , 60 candidates 1

 

I would politely request the reader to read further AFTER answering following questions :

1. If EVM is of Type-3 and number of candidates are 12, whom will that EVM favor? (Hint : see row#12)

2. If EVM is of Type-2 and number of candidates are 24, whom will that EVM favor? (Hint : see row#9)

3. If EVM is of Type-1 and number of candidates are 19, whom will that EVM favor?

3


4. If EVM is of Type-4 and number of candidates are 21, whom will that EVM favor?

5. If EVM is of Type-5 and number of candidates are 10, whom will that EVM favor?

6. Will EVM of Type-1 always favor candidate #1?

7. Will EVM of Type-2 always favor candidate #3?

 

Lets make converse of the above table. The following converse table will be used in Step-3 by SoniaX. I

request the reader to reach each of the 30 lines in the following converse table.

Converse table to be used by SoniaX in step-3

(Pls read column headings carefully)

serial # of

candidate

SoniaX

wants to

favor

1

2

3

4

5

1

2

3

4

5

1

2

3

4

5

1

2

3

4

5

1

2

3

4

5

 

Row

#

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

 

 

 


Number of candidates that seat should have

Type

 

 

 

 

 

Type-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type-2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type-3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type-4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type-5

 

 

 

4, 9 , 14 , 19 , 24 , 29 , 34 , 39 , 44 , 49 , 54 , 59 or 64 candidates

5, 10 , 15 , 20 , 25 , 30 , 35 , 40 , 45 , 50 , 55 or 60 candidates

6, 11 , 16 , 21 , 26 , 31 , 36 , 41 , 46 , 51 , 56 or 61 candidates

7 , 12 , 17 , 22 , 27 , 32 , 37 , 42 , 47 , 52 , 57 or 62 candidates

8 , 13 , 18 , 23 , 28 , 33 , 38 , 43 , 48 , 53 , 58 or 63 candidates

3, 8 , 13 , 18 , 23 , 28 , 33 , 38 , 43 , 48 , 53 , 58 or 63 candidates

4, 9 , 14 , 19 , 24 , 29 , 34 , 39 , 44 , 49 , 54 , 59 or 64 candidates

5, 10 , 15 , 20 , 25 , 30 , 35 , 40 , 45 , 50 , 55 or 60 candidates

6, 11 , 16 , 21 , 26 , 31 , 36 , 41 , 46 , 51 , 56 or 61 candidates

7 , 12 , 17 , 22 , 27 , 32 , 37 , 42 , 47 , 52 , 57 or 62 candidates

2, 7 , 12 , 17 , 22 , 27 , 32 , 37 , 42 , 47 , 52 , 57 or 62 candidates

3, 8 , 13 , 18 , 23 , 28 , 33 , 38 , 43 , 48 , 53 , 58 or 63 candidates

4, 9 , 14 , 19 , 24 , 29 , 34 , 39 , 44 , 49 , 54 , 59 or 64 candidates

5, 10 , 15 , 20 , 25 , 30 , 35 , 40 , 45 , 50 , 55 , or 60 candidates

6 , 11 , 16 , 21 , 26 , 31 , 36 , 41 , 46 , 51 , 56 or 61 candidates

1, 6 , 11 , 16 , 21 , 26 , 31 , 36 , 41 , 46 , 51 , 56 or 61 candidates

2, 7 , 12 , 17 , 22 , 27 , 32 , 37 , 42 , 47 , 52 , 57 or 62 candidates

3, 8 , 13 , 18 , 23 , 28 , 33 , 38 , 43 , 48 , 53 , 58 or 63 candidates